Artykuły > Edukacja archiwistyczna > Archiwa i biblioteki na świecie c.d.
Archiwa i biblioteki na świecie c.d.
Władimir Adamuszko, Organizacja archiwów na Białorusi, w: Archeion, t. 106, wyd. NDAP, Warszawa 2003, ss. 191-207
"Władimir A d a m u s z k o, Organisation of archives in Byelorussia. The history of archives inByelorussia is several centuries long. In the 15th c. there existed the state archives of the Great Duchy ofLithuania – the former state of Byelorussians, Lithuanians and Ukrainians. Since the 16th c., the archiveshave already been known of local institutions like district or chamberlain’s courts and others.Contemporary State Archival Service of the Republic of Byelorussia originated in 1922 when the acton the Central Archives of Byelorussia. According to the act, all types of archives (state anddepartmental) contributed to the Joint State Archival Holdings and the documents became the property ofthe state.At present, the activities of the state archives are regulated by the act on the national archival holdingsand the archives of the Byelorussian Republic first adopted in 1994 and readopted in new wording in1999. The act determines the contents of the national archival holdings and the division thereof intoa state and a non-state part; it also sets forth ownership rights to documents, as well as the rules ofpreservation, utilisation, access and the basics of archive management. The act guarantees equal rights toall owners (state and non-state) of archive documents and equal opportunities of access to archivematerials to both Byelorussian nationals and foreigners.Archival service administration bodies and institutions have been entrusted by the act with obligationsrelated not only to the protection, registration and elaboration of the national archival holdings but alsowith the development and implementation of contemporary systems of documenting administrativeactivities and exercising control over archival activities of organizational units, irrespective of the form ofownership.Under the said act, the control functions of the state in respect to archives are performed by the StateInspection of Archives and Offices of the Byelorussian Republic.Byelorussian archives meet the needs and expectations of the public providing access to their readingrooms, publishing documents, organising exhibitions and meetings at the archives. Between 1991–2002,the state archives have elaborated about 800,000 applications of social and legal nature for the citizensdocumenting i.a. the history of prisoners deported to Germany as forced workers or those who sufferedmaterial property damages during the World War II."    Źródło: Archeion, t. 106 
strzałka do góry