Artykuły > Edukacja archiwistyczna > Spuścizny w archiwach, bibliotekach i muzeach w Polsce
Spuścizny w archiwach, bibliotekach i muzeach w Polsce
Alicja Kulecka, Spuścizny w archiwach, bibliotekach i muzeach w Polsce, w: Archeion, t. 100, wyd. NDAP, Warszawa 1999, ss. 70-96 
Alicja K u l e c k a, Private papers in archives, libraries and museums in Poland. Thearticle discusses various problems related to fonds of private origin, created by individuals,gathered and preserved by archives, libraries and museums in Poland. First of all, divergencesregarding terminology are considered, emphasizing different terms used to define archivematerials of this type. The use of most popular terms such as “posthumous works”, “papers”,“records”, “personal archives” is discussed. Then, problems related to the legal status of thisgroup of archive materials are presented. The necessity to clarify legal issues regarding thisgroup is emphasized. The author also discusses methods of private records accession, includingtwo basic ways of acquiring them: donations and purchases. The heirs of the author of a fondhave a decisive voice as to the place of preservation of this type of archive materials. Variouscenters preserving them are mentioned. The next problem discussed refers to the methods ofgathering, and accessibility principles related to private papers. As to the arrangement methods,subject divisions were generally preferred. Directions on elaborating archive private materialsof scientists, Warsaw 1990, compiled on the basis of experience of the Archives of the PolishAcademy of Sciences, is mentioned as the only attempt aiming at the description andstandard arrangement methods used in regard to these archive materials. Problems related toborder lines of fonds, discussed in archival literature (e.g. Zygmunt Kolankowski’s output)are also presented. Moreover, we can also find a schematic arrangement of materials asadopted in Directions… In regard to the accessibility of materials, the author stresses thenecessity to consider the attitude of family members, friends, in general — people offeringthese archive materials, apart from observing standard rules regarding official archive materials. In thefinal part of the article, the author mentions that these materials refer to various areas of political, socialand cultural life, constituting a significant supplement for documents of official origin. They includemany details on the activity of individuals, reflecting processes going on in the lobby of the greatpolitics, cultural and social life. They illustrate the development of political, scientific and culturalideas, political, intellectual, cultural and social relationships. Information included in private papers,documenting the activity of individuals, constitutesa significant element of national archival holdings.      Źródło: Archeion, t. 100 
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