Dokumentacja techniczna

Wioletta Lipińska, Problemy dokumentacji technicznej w świetle polskiej literatury archiwistycznej po 1945 r., w: Archeion, t. 111, wyd. NDAP, Warszawa 2010, ss.  126-148

"Data pertaining to technical solutions applied in civil engineering, industrial
manufacturing or scientific research is included in textual, numerical and graphic
materials forming a collection referred to as technical documentation. After World
War II the volume of such documentation kept growing, mostly in connection with
the rebuilding of the country. It was in this period that it became significant, being
an important source of information, useful in recreation of some sets of buildings.
The increase in the volume of technical documentation in companies and State
institutions was accompanied by attempts made by the Polish archiving service to
standardise the rules of handling of such documentation. The first step was to
include it in the archiving law in the definition of archival materials. This way, technical
documentation could be included in State archival holdings and Polish
archivists could undertake development of regulations permitting classification,
qualification and handover of technical documentation to State archives.
Imprecise definition of technical documentation did not facilitate work on the
rules related to development of an archival holding comprised of such documentation.
However, the issue of the value of technical documentation was raised in literature,
where attempts were made to show the possibilities of it application in science
and economy. Considerable losses in the holdings of the documentation created
in the first years after World War II were also emphasised. Due to dispersion of
large amounts of materials, postulates to establish the fate of the lost documentation
appeared. 1954 witnessed the publication of Instructions on the manner and
procedure of managing a technical archive, developed by Grzegorz Trzciñski. While
dealing with the issue of missing records, Maria Bieliñska observed the separate
nature of technical documentation. However, even 10 years later Czes³aw Biernat
wrote about the little experience archives had in development of technical documentation.
He noted that contrary to archive documentation, the facility to which
the material is linked is of the greatest significance in selection of technical documentation.
In 1960 archival methodology was enriched by guidelines of the Head
Office of State Archives pertaining to registration and assessment of technical
documentation of technical archives, as well as to its handover to State archives. In
2000 an example of a technical documentation qualifier was added to methodological
regulations. The issue of technical documentation is almost absent in the
literature raising the issues of archive materials digitalisation. The subject may be
represented only by general references to non-archive documentation. However, in
the case of technical documentation, the dilemma of preserving information and
documentation will become more and more up-to-date. Archival science ought to
learn its lessons from those changes."
Żródło: Archeion, t. 111 

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